Use your PC to Master Japanese and Chinese
The Dictionary Window
Examine the user dictionary window to see the
Initially, the user dictionary contains errata from the various
dictionaries, as well as examples of various types and modes of entries. You
can add entries which will be searched each time the word and phrase dictionary
- Press Alt+W then 2 to switch to the user dictionary window. Note the
titles on the Window menu for the permanent windows
Note the area at the end, which is
where the Translate | Add Selection to User Dictionary command places
new entries. You can move and arrange these entries as you like. The order is
not important, and you can have multiple entries with the same pronunciation.
- Scroll through the dictionary.
The Dynamic Glossary Window
the Keyboard | Add Selection to Dynamic Glossary command places new
entries at the end. You can move and arrange these entries as you like. We
recommend inverse frequency order (the most-used at the top). Although you can
have multiple entries with the same key, only the last entry is active, and the
other entries with the same key are ignored.
Pasting and Deleting
Copy and paste various fragments of the Chinese examples sentences in the
Lesson1.ch0 document at the end of the practice section. The basic steps
are: select the text, select the copy or cut command, position the insertion
point, then select the paste command.
You can also make a keyboard selection without using the Shift key at
- Practice click and drag selection by first clicking on the beginning of
the selection, then holding the left mouse button down while moving the mouse
until the desired text is highlighted (selected). Select a fragment, then
select Edit | Copy or press Ctrl+C to copy the text to both the internal
and the Windows clipboard.
- Click the Left Mouse button to position the insertion point on a blank
line under the last practice line in the Examples for Typing section.
Press Enter then Up to make a blank line if necessary.
- Select Edit | Paste or press Ctrl+V to copy the text from the
internal (but not the Windows) clipboard. Done!
- Practice copying and pasting words selected by double clicking.
- Practice selecting text using the keyboard by positioning the insertion
point, then pressing and holding the Shift key, then using the Arrow keys to
make the selection. Smart Characters forgives releasing the Shift key. To
extend the selection, just press and hold Shift again, and use the Arrow
- Position the insertion point, then press F8 or select Keyboard | Extend
Selection. Use the arrow keys to define the selection in a leisurely
fashion: there is nothing that has to be held on to.
Typing Replaces a Selection
The lesson document is ruined! To fix it, delete it all at once:
- Select some new text, then press the `g' key (or any letter key). The
selection is replaced by the key you just pressed. This is traditional Windows
and Macintosh behavior.
OOPS! Didn't mean it! You spent hours constructing that sentence, don't let it
be annihilated by a stray `g' key.
- Select Edit | Undo (press Ctrl+Z, or click the toolbar button)
twice to delete the `g' and to restore the text. The first time deletes
the `g.' The second restores the selection.
Drag and Drop
Move the first sentence at the beginning of the example to the end of the
section, in blatant disregard of the author's intentions. Although you could
use standard cut and paste, we will experiment with drag and drop
editing. For this, you must use the mouse:
Observe that the text has been cut from the beginning and pasted
into the end of the paragraph. Also note that the paragraph does not reform
itself automatically to the margins. To reform the paragraph:
- Use the mouse to select the sentence wo shi meiguoren. Include the
period at the end. Note that the insertion point hides during a selection.
- Click and hold the Left Mouse button inside the selection. The insertion
point re-appears and tries to follow the mouse cursor. At the same time, the
mouse cursor itself has acquired some rectangles (the text), which you are now
- Keep holding that Left Mouse button while moving the cursor until the
insertion point is at the end of the paragraph. Let go of the mouse
The drag and drop
editing function uses the internal clipboard for cutting and pasting, which
means you can paste the item you just moved.
- Use the arrow keys (the mouse won't do) to move the insertion point above
or below the current line to reform the paragraph, or use the Right Mouse
button speed menu to select Reform Paragraph.
You can continue to
paste until you run out of room in the current window.
- Position the insertion point then press Ctrl+V repeatedly to paste the
sentence. Note that the line scrolls each time you paste the block. Move the
insertion point up or down to reform the paragraph.
Pasting from the Windows Clipboard
There are two ways to paste text and objects between applications. The first
simply uses the Windows clipboard to transmit text or graphics. The second uses
a special feature of Windows, Object Linking and Embedding. Experiment
with simple copying and pasting.
Launching a Task
First, launch Windows Write:
Task List dialog does not appear, you are out of memory. You can still
switch to Program Manager by holding the Alt key and repeatedly pressing
Tab. Let go of the Alt key when you see Program Manager. To run Write,
you will have to stop another application (other than Smart Characters).
- Select the main frame system menu (the rectangle to the left of the
main frame title bar) to drop the top level window system menu. Select
Switch To and note the accelerator key Ctrl+Esc. From the Task
List dialog, select Program Manager to switch to it.
- Use the Program Manager Window menu to switch to the
Accessories group. Locate the Write program icon (if you have
deleted it, you use (File | New to re-install the icon to
c:\windows\write.exe). Launch Write.
Copying Text from Write
One of the oxymorons of Windows is that all applications work alike, so that if
you learn to use one, you can use them all:
package works to launch Smart Characters 2.9 installed on drive c: only. You
can use the Object Packager to change the drive. The linked object can
be changed by selecting Write's Edit | Links | Change.
- Use the Write File | Open menu to open c:\sc\sc.wri,
a simple read-me file that discusses object embedding and linking. Observe the
three embedded objects: a package to launch Smart Characters for
Students version 2.9, an embedded object, and a linked object.
- Use the mouse to select the plain text paragraph under the title
Embedding, then press Ctrl+C or select Edit | Copy to copy it to
the Windows clipboard.
Switching between Tasks
You can switch tasks by clicking on a task's window, however, sometimes you
cannot see the window, or the mouse is too much trouble, and Alt+Esc doesn't
work (out of memory). Instead:
- Press and hold Alt then press Tab repeatedly until you see the Smart
Characters logo. Release Alt to switch to Smart Characters. This method always
works to switch tasks, even when you run out of memory for the Task List
dialog to display. Activate the Lesson1.ch0 document window (click it
with the mouse, or use the Window menu).
Pasting Text with Paste Special
Because Edit | Paste pastes text from the Smart Characters internal
clipboard, we have to use the Edit | Paste Special command:
- Position the insertion point on a blank line (make one if necessary) and
switch to English input mode. Almost all text from windows uses English.
- Select Edit | Paste Special (not Edit | Paste) to open the
Paste Special dialog. Select Text for the Data Type, then
select Paste (not Paste Link).
Apply Paragraph Formatting
Edit | Paste Special | Text | Paste pastes "text" as plain text,
without formatting or word wrap. Make the pasted text into a paragraph:
- Select the entire paragraph using the mouse. Select Format | Format
into Paragraph to apply paragraph formatting, removing the hard line
breaks, and inserting soft line breaks to wrap the paragraph to the margins and
indents. The Make Paragraph command on the speed menu functions
Page Size, Margins, and Indenting
The way the document looks on the page is controlled by the Page Size and
Margins and Paragraph formatting controls.
- Select View | Zoom | Fit Page to view the entire page as it will be
printed. Make the document and main frame windows large enough so you can see
the page as clearly as your system will allow.
Default and Local Formatting
Some kinds of formatting can be changed on a paragraph or character by
As you switch between these groups, note the changes to the
values in the dialog box. For example, the default
for English and Chinese characters is 12 points, while it is half that, 6
points, for notes and pronunciations. Note that Apply Format can be set
to Default (from the beginning of the document), From Cursor
(onward from the insertion point through the text), or to a Block
(around selected text).
- Select Format | Character to display the Character Format
dialog, and the controls that apply character formatting. This dialog is really
three dialogs in one, controlled by the Font Group selection. Use the
Arrow keys or click the radio button to set Font Group to each of the
font groups: English, Notes (and pronunciations), and Chinese
- Select Format | Paragraph to display the Paragraph Format
dialog, and the controls that apply paragraph formatting. Note the same choices
for Apply Format. Repeat for Format | Tabs to display the Set
Tab Stops dialog.
Page Setup and Annotations formatting apply to the document as a
whole, and remain constant throughout the document. You are already familiar
with Format Annotations, so try Page Setup:
You may not have seen a Writing Direction control before.
It is now set to LR-TB, which means left to right, then top to bottom.
Experiment with vertical writing by selecting a vertical form:
- Select Format | Page Setup to display the Page Setup dialog,
where you select or define new forms (page size, margins, footnote
settings, and writing direction) which, together with templates
(used by File | New), help to maintain consistency from document to
You can create your own forms by simply entering a new form name.
The new form takes its initial properties from the previously current form.
- Select Form | Vertical 8.5x11 to switch to vertical writing
on a standard US page. Note that the insertion point and mouse cursor switch to
horizontal shapes. Also note the behavior of the arrow keys.
- Select Form | Standard 8.5x11 to switch back to "normal"
Formatting with the Ruler
Sometimes it is more convenient to use other controls to format a document, so
that you can see the effects of your changes instantly.
Tabs are a type of paragraph formatting that can be
applied to one of three levels. However, the ruler applies paragraph tab and
indent formatting only around a selection (highlighted text) if one exists, or
from the insertion point forward if there is no selection. Global tab stops and
indenting are applied using the Format menu. Apply a larger indent to
the recently pasted English paragraph:
- Select View | Ruler to display the ruler above the document. Note
the triangular symbols for left and right indent, and the symbol for first line
indent (the top half of the left triangle). The upside-down "T" figures are the
default tab stops.
- Select the English paragraph. Avoid selecting any portion of the next line
- Grab the Left Indent control (lower small triangle) with the mouse,
and move it from the 1 inch mark to the 2 inch mark. Grab the Right
Indent control (large triangle) and move it from the 7.5 inch mark to the
6.5 inch mark. The paragraph becomes doubly indented. Note that the first line
indent has retained its relative position.
Create a Hanging Indent
- Grab the Left First Line Indent control (upper small triangle) with
the mouse, and move it to the 1.5 inch mark.
Add a Bullet
Hanging indents don't look so great by themselves, so add a bullet:
Hanging indents cause tricky insertion point behavior.
Initially, the paragraph starts out indented the same as the previous
paragraph. Next, the indent formatting we just added moves the text to the
left. Finally, text displays to the right, overlapping the original starting
point, so that two parts of the text display in the same position. The mouse
does not attempt to decide when clicked in the area. The Arrow keys will move
through the text, and jump over the format codes. The Home key alternates
between the beginning of the line before and after the indent format codes.
- Press an arrow key to cancel the selection, then position the insertion
point at the beginning of the hanging indent. If pressing an arrow key does not
cancel a selection, press the F8 key (Extend Selection) to toggle
BLOCK F8 selection mode.
- Press F12 or Side + - to access Punct input mode. The insertion
point displays the punctuation symbol (
- Press the e key to enter a diamond symbol (
then press Tab to position the text even with the indent. Press Up or Down to
move the insertion point off the line, and to reformat the
- Position the insertion point on the first line of the hanging indent, then
repeatedly press the Home key to move the insertion point back and forth. The
hidden characters window alternates between English and Format, while the
status line shows the line position indicator alternating between 0 and
approximately 20, the width of the format codes.
Viewing Format Codes
Because Smart Characters formats documents by adding
to the text, you can view, edit, and define your own codes for special
- View the format codes by selecting View | Codes. Take a look while
repeating the last step of moving with the arrow keys. Observe also the hidden
characters window, and try Alt+Arrow keys for finer movement. Press Ctrl+F1 to
toggle the codes window on and off. Leave the window off.
Adding Character Formatting
Try adding some character formatting, like bold, italic, and a new typeface.
Note that the
exceeds the line height. It is acceptable to interfere with the previous line.
- Select an example phrase and click the bold button on the toolbar
to make it bold. Select some other text and click the italics button.
Click the cursor inside the formatted areas and note that the bold or italics
buttons are depressed.
- Select an example phrase on the first line and select Format Char
from the Right Mouse speed menu. Set the font group to Chinese
Characters, then set the Point Size to 16.
- Select the phrase Embedding an object, then select Format
Char from the speed menu, set the font group to English, then set
the Point Size to 24. Did you inadvertently get the star as well? Text
selection is tricky in the vicinity of a hanging indent.
- Select Format Char again and examine the selection under typeface.
The typefaces registered in the example document are Times New Roman,
CombinedMing and Arial (a Helvetica look-alike). Select
Arial. If Arial is not registered, register it by selecting
Add Typeface from the Windows Typeface dialog. Note how Arial is
wider than Times. Set the Point Size down a tad to 20 points.
"Ugly, ugly, ugly! Shame on you! Eighteen typefaces in the first paragraph
alone! Don't you know anything about graphics design?" screams the
- Remove the paragraph formatting by selecting the English paragraph, then
selecting Format | Remove Codes | Paragraph. The paragraph resumes its
- Remove the character formatting by selecting the Chinese text you
formatted (selecting more doesn't hurt), then selecting Format | Remove
Codes | Character. The text resumes its former appearance.
- Really clean up by selecting the English paragraph, then click the
Eraser button on the toolbar (or pressing Delete). OOPS, second
thoughts! Click the Undo button and get it back, just to make sure that
you could if you wanted, but you don't, so reselect the paragraph and delete it
Sometimes it is useful to be able to annotate a document and then extract the
glosses. With Japanese text, the word order is so different from English that
the result is nearly impossible to read, but with Chinese, it is almost
- Select a quantity of Chinese text, then select Learn | Extract
Glosses. The glosses are copied to the internal (but not the windows)
Create a New Document
- Select File | New to create a new document window. Base the
document on Normal.sct, the default template. Select Edit | Paste
or press Ctrl+V to paste the glosses into the document. Note how the paragraphs
Pasting Smart Characters Text
- Select the text in the new window and use the Edit | Copy command
or press Ctrl+C to copy the glosses into the Windows clipboard. Double click
the child system menu to close the new window (don't save the file).
- Press Alt+Tab to switch to Write (if not still running, launch it
again from the Program Manager) and position the insert point at the end
of the Sc.wri document. Select Paste Special, then
Text, and finally Paste to paste the glosses. Read them
without reference to the Chinese to get a certain feeling for the story. This
is like the feeling someone who knows no Chinese at all would get from reading
the annotations alone.
Break Time with Instant Vocabulary
Any time you see a Chinese character that arouses your curiosity, take some
time to explore it using Query, and Instant Vocabulary:
- Press Alt+Tab to switch to back to Smart Characters. Use Translate |
Select Dictionaries to verify that Chi201rv.dic or
Chi201wd.dic is installed. The student dictionary does not have enough
matches to make an interesting lesson.
- Locate the lun4 character
and place the insertion to the right of it so that it shows in the hidden
characters window. Press F2 or select Query from the Right Mouse button
- Activate and adjust the list window for a reasonable display. You can zoom
and size the window as you like. If you prefer to view in black and white,
select View | Display | Black & White. Scroll through the list.
Click the lightning bolt to turn hypertext mode off and display an
insertion point. The lightning bolt selects both View | Display Mode |
Hypertext | Hide and Status Indicators | Line. Spend a minute
getting an idea of the typical uses of the character.
- With the list window active, select Learn | Vocabulary. Note the
Nothing Retrieved or Selected dialog. Select Convert file to
vocabulary lesson, then OK to convert the contents of the list
window into a new vocabulary lesson view window. Select OK to close the
Conversion Complete notification dialog.
Resize the Window
Launch some other
application and do something completely different (i.e., get back to work).
Every few minutes, do another few rounds with the vocabulary lesson.
- Go through a few cycles using the window as it is leaving the menus at
File Drill Setup. Click and drag the Vocabulary Lesson View title
bar to move the window to the upper right hand corner of your screen. Drag the
left bottom edge to size it so that the title bar just displays. Because the
flashcard gets crowded out at small sizes, select Setup and set both
Show History and Show Status to unchecked, hiding the windows.
Resize the vocabulary window again, or resize the flashcard window to fit.
- Go through a few more cycles, noticing how the menus have become
abbreviated to accommodate the smaller size. Adjust the window size to
accommodate the largest vocabulary entry. Resize the main Smart Characters main
frame window and move it underneath the vocabulary lesson view. Kill the hidden
characters window, which demands to be always on top.
- Select Setup | Tutor to invoke the Vocabulary Tutor
Preferences dialog. Experiment with the FlashCard Zoom controls to
change the size of the characters used in the drill.
Saving Instant Lessons As...
- When you are done, you can close the vocabulary lesson, and quit Smart
Characters. Use File | Save As to save any instant lessons, otherwise
they will be discarded.
Turn Hidden Characters On
If you are not quitting, have turned off the hidden characters window, and want
to enter text, select View | Hidden Characters to reinstate the window.
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Last Modified: March 23, 1996
Copyright © 1996 Apropos, Inc.