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Word Processor Help menu


The Index command displays a comprehensive index to information contained in the help system.

Topic Search

The Topic Search command invokes the help system Search for Help dialog.

To use the Search for Help command, type the topic or select it from the list in the Search dialog box, and then choose the Show Topics button to see related topics. To display a particular topic from the list of topics, select it and then choose the Go To button.

Shortcut: pressing F1 when a menu item or dialog box is active jumps to the help topic for the active item.


The About dialog displays the version(D- - 8) number of your copy of Smart Characters for Windows, and the copyright notice.

Vocabulary menu


The Open command creates a new word processor document window, opens a new vocabulary lesson(D- - 8), and selects words to drill based on chapter or lesson number. Use the Open File(3- 1) dialog to select a vocabulary lesson. By convention, lessons can be identified by their file extensions: .jv0 and .cv0 typically denote Japanese and Chinese vocabulary lessons. (The extension .pv0 was used for pinyin lessons in the Student version(D- - 8) 2.5 and before.)

If you open a file that is not a vocabulary lesson, the Nothing Opened or Selected(3- 38) dialog will appear. To see exactly what you have opened, cancel the dialog and select File | Exit to WP to view the underlying document.

All vocabulary lessons group entries by chapter and optionally page. A lesson file can contain one or more chapters. Initially, Smart Characters selects chapters beginning with chapter 0 and ending with chapter 999. If you want to restrict (or broaden!) this range, use Setup Vocabulary(3- 40).

For a description of the tutor, see Beginning the Drill(6- 2).

Nothing Opened or Selected

The Nothing Opened or Selected dialog notifies you that the vocabulary tutor cannot find over 3 entries to drill. You can proceed in one of three ways, or select Cancel:
  1. Use Another File invokes the Open File(3- 1) dialog to browse for a vocabulary file.
  1. Reset Selection Criteria relaxes the chapter selection criteria to accept all chapters.
Convert File to vocabulary lesson interprets the existing active document window as potential vocabulary entries, converting each suitable paragraph into an entry. This is handy for making instant vocabulary lessons(D- - 8) based on the contents of the list(4- 4) window. See Convert to Lesson(3- 38).

Convert to Lesson

The Convert to Lesson command creates a new lesson based on the contents of the active document window. Smart Characters searches the window for paragraphs that are or could be vocabulary entries, and makes proper vocabulary entries out of them.

Existing vocabulary entries are copied and cleaned up if necessary. Empty paragraphs (blank lines) are ignored. All formatting other than symbol set changes are removed. Notes objects are moved to the end of the paragraphs. Vocabulary entry numbers (trials, score, chapter, and page) are prepended to each line or paragraph. After the conversion is complete, Smart Characters displays a dialog box showing the conversion statistics.

You can use the Convert to Lesson command to clean up existing vocabulary lessons(D- - 8). If no changes are made, there is no need to use or save the newly created vocabulary lesson.


You should save your lesson to disk after you finish, so that Smart Characters will remember your progress. If you forget, or kick the power plug out of the wall, and don't save your lesson, all is not lost: you have not forgotten the words. It is just that Smart Characters will start the next session asking you the words that you didn't know when you started your last session.

Save As

The Save As command saves the current lesson under a different name. Enter the new name in the Open File(3- 1) dialog, or navigate the system and pick an existing file to overwrite.


Print opens a new document window and creates a listing of the current drill in a format suitable for reference or study away from Smart Characters (i.e., in class just before the quiz). The selection of words is controlled by the Setup Selection(3- 40) command.

List options are set by the Vocabulary | File Page Setup(3- 39) dialog. The unknown, pronunciation, translation, and statistics elements are separated by tabs. To print the listing, select the document window File Print(3- 3) command. To edit or format the listing before printing, make changes in the word processor (e.g., set tabs to suit), before selecting File | Print.

You can also display and print the vocabulary lesson(D- - 8) in the underlying document window. Just close the vocabulary tutor window.

Page Setup

The List Page Setup dialog controls how the File Print(3- 39) command creates a vocabulary list from a selection of words in a vocabulary lesson(D- - 8). The selection of words to list is controlled by the Setup Selection(3- 40) command.
  1. List Order by Lesson lists the lesson in the original order (e.g., chapter and page).
  2. List Order by Score sorts the lesson by time score. The most difficult words with the highest scores are listed first.
  1. Include Statistics selects which numeric fields to list with each word. Trials & Scores lists the trials and composite score. Chapter lists the chapter number. Page lists the page number.
  2. Position sets the location of the statistics on the line. Left includes the statistics at the beginning of the line, Right lists them at the end, and Off suppresses the statistics.
Additional formatting is stored in the User.ini Vocabulary List(B- - 9) section.

Reset Lesson

Zero trials sets the number of trials for each item in the vocabulary lesson(D- - 8) to zero.

Scramble and Add Times

Scramble & Add Times scrambles the vocabulary lesson(D- - 8) scores to obtain a fresh testing order. A low score indicates a history of quick and accurate response. The command randomly worsens scores by incrementing the scores by a random penalty between zero and the expert time(6- 2) (the default is 2 seconds) plus a fixed penalty set by the Scrambling control in the Tutor Preferences(3- 40) dialog. If Scrambling is zero, the scores are randomized to values between the expert time and twice the expert time.


The Setup Selection command invokes the Setup Vocabulary Lesson dialog to control which words are included in a for drill, and how words are selected for a trial.
Include Chapters
From Chapter is the lowest chapter from which to select words, initially set to 0. Zero works with lessons that do not have chapter numbers.
  1. To Chapter is the highest chapter, initially 999.
  2. Select Words applies the chapter selection criteria to the lesson.
  3. Now Selected displays how many words are currently selected for drill.
Selection Criteria
  1. Skip Trials is the number of times the tutor will not repeat a word. Set this number higher to get a greater variety of words, lower if you have a hard time remembering.


The Setup Tutor command invokes the Vocabulary Tutor Preferences dialog to adjust the vocabulary tutor personality and strictness.
Target Times
  1. Dunce sets the time score and limit for incorrect answers. If you do not press a key during the question stage(3- 42), Smart Characters will assume that you don't know the word, and will display the answers automatically. The default is 15 seconds.
  2. Scrambling sets the time to add by the Setup Scramble and Add Times(3- 39) command.
FlashCard Zoom
  1. Text Height sets the scale or zoom factor for the question stage(3- 42).
  2. Spacing sets the line height separation for the question, pronunciation, and gloss(D- - 4) displays.

Show History

The Show History command hides and displays the vocabulary history window, which consists of two columns of vocabulary items. The left column shows your last four Previous Trials, with the most recent at the bottom. You can begin another trial on any of these four by selecting Previous Word from the select word stage(3- 41) menu. The right column shows your four Worst Scores (the words with the highest time score).

Show Status

The Show Status command hides and displays the vocabulary status window which displays the results of the chapter selection of words, the current session, and the current trial.

Chapters From to To. Trial: Trial Old Score: OldScore Time: Time ? = NewScore

Num from Max Words. Trials Trials Average = Avg Scope: Scope (TotalAvg)

From and To define the chapter range for word selection, set in the Setup Selection(3- 40) dialog.

Max is the number of words selected (by chapter number) for drill.

Num is the ranking of the current word in comparison to the other words that have been selected for drill. Smart Characters sorts the lesson by score before each trial, so a word's ranking repeatedly changes during a session. The words you find the hardest have the highest scores and the highest rankings, and are closest to the top (Max) of the list.

Trial is the number of times you have been asked the current word. Old Score is the word's previous score, Time is the current trial's elapsed time between the question stage(3- 42) and the scoring stage. ? indicates the score you assigned: Right or Wrong, and New Score is the new score.

Trials is the number of cycles in this vocabulary session. Avg is the moving average of the latest scores. TotAvg is the total average scores for this session.

Scope is calculated according to your recent performance. The calculation is based on the moving average, the expert time(6- 2) setting, and the number of current wrong words. A large scope causes the tutor to select words evenly from the entire vocabulary lesson(D- - 8), while a small scope (the lowest is 0.5) forces concentration on the most difficult. At the beginning of a new lesson, when most words are unknown and you score many wrong answers (several per word), the scope will be low. As you learn the lesson and get fewer and fewer wrong answers, the scope gradually increases, and the tutor selects a greater variety of words.

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Last Modified: March 23, 1996

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