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Word Processor Translate menu

Lookup Syllable

Lookup Syllable command is used by the On Request Chinese character input method to search the syllable(4- 7) dictionary. Use syllable lookup only if the Lookup Word or Phrase(3- 30) command fails.

Japanese verbs and adjectives are stored in citation form. To enter a kanji: type the citation form, select Translate | Lookup Syllable, locate and select the kanji, press BackSpace to delete the hiragana citation inflection, then type the desired inflection.

Chinese bopomofo and pinyin entries require matching the correct tone. Use Lookup Similar Syllable(3- 30) to bypass tone matching.

You can add rare or obsolete pronunciations to the syllable dictionary yourself, although it is far easier to add them to your user dictionary(4- 7) and use the Translate | Lookup Word or Phrase command.

Lookup Syllable changes to Lookup Pronunciations if text is selected (highlighted). Lookup Pronunciations (LeftShift+Space) looks up the selected pronunciations in the word and phrase(4- 7) dictionary. See Extended Searches(3- 31).

Lookup Similar Syllable

Look Up Similar Syllable is like Lookup Syllable(3- 30) except that the Japanese pronunciation shifts (co to go, or tsu to TSU) are removed, and tone matching is bypassed for pinyin and bopomofo.

This really saves time, and eliminates most excuses for using the wrong pronunciation when entering Chinese characters.

Nevertheless, the Japanese language will not let us off so easily. Small TSU converts to regular tsu, which is frequently not the final consonant. Type the final consonant, look up the character, and edit the furigana to indicate the small TSU. Manually adjust pronunciations that have more than one shift.

Look Up Similar Syllable changes to Lookup Characters if text is selected (highlighted). Lookup Characters (RightShift+Space) searches for multiple Chinese characters. See Extended Searches(3- 31).

Lookup Word or Phrase

Lookup Word or Phrase is used by the On Request Chinese character input method for normal text entry. It also functions in any modality to look up words according to the type of object selected:
Pronunciation (hiragana, pinyin, or bopomofo) object searches return partial matches of entries that begin with the pronunciation in the user dictionary(4- 7) and word and phrase(4- 7) dictionaries. Chars (Chinese character, a.k.a. Chars(D- - 2)) objects search the reverse dictionary(4- 7) for the character. If a reverse dictionary is not installed, Smart Characters emulates one by invoking the Search Dictionaries(3- 32) command. Notes objects search the translating dictionary(4- 7) for matching translations. If a translating dictionary is not installed, Smart Characters emulates one by invoking the Search Dictionaries(3- 32) command to search for all entries that contain the target in any portion of the glosses(D- - 4) (translations).
The Right Mouse button speed menu Query command is a shortcut to this command.

Lookup word or phrase changes behavior if text is selected (highlighted). See extended searches(3- 31).

Enter Long Phrases with One Keystroke

The word and phrase(4- 7) dictionaries are searched in a non- exclusive manner, matching all entries beginning with the entered sound. Consequently, you can match a long phrase with just one or two keystrokes, which is handy if you are unsure of the exact pronunciation. For even faster entry of repetitive text, bypass the dictionaries, and add the text to your dynamic glossary(4- 6).

Extended Searches

Selected (highlighted) text overrides the automatic lookup key (the text to the left of the cursor in the hidden characters(5- 4) window):

Lookup Pronunciations (LeftShift+Space) looks up the selected pronunciations in the word and phrase(4- 7) dictionary.

Lookup Chinese Characters (RightShift+Space) searches for multiple Chinese characters.

Lookup Kanji and Kana (F2) looks for inflected forms, ignoring furigana. Meaningful for Japanese only.

Lookup Exact Match (F2 with Block F8 on but with no text selected: press F8, then F2) forces exact matches. Tones must be correct, and the targets must match dictionary entries exactly.

Bopomofo Dictionaries Accessible via Pinyin

Chinese dictionaries can be accessed via pinyin as well as bopomofo. Pinyin is converted to bopomofo and used to search the bopomofo dictionaries and vice versa, removing the need to install and switch between pinyin or bopomofo dictionaries. Some limitations apply:
  1. Typed pinyin entries must be fully converted to bopomofo, otherwise the search will fail because of the unresolved pinyin mixed with the converted bopomofo. For example, the pinyin "ta" is ambiguous, since it could be the bopomofo "t-a" or the start of "t-ang". Adding a tone (e.g. ta1) resolves the syllable. If you use a bypass tone matching search (e.g. RightShift+Space), it need not be the correct tone.
  2. Partial searches yield partial matches in bopomofo, which are not necessarily the same as partial matches in pinyin. For example, "nu" partially matches "nong", since the bopomofo "nong" actually consists of "n-u-eng". As above, "ta" will not match "tang" because there is no `a' in the bopomofo "tang."
Use Translate | Select Dictionaries to select Chi-Pin pinyin dictionaries (available from the bulletin board(D- - 1)) if you wish partial matching to be like English.

Search Dictionaries

Search Dictionaries searches the pronunciation dictionaries for all entries that include the specific character being probed, or the current English gloss(D- - 4). This is far slower than using a translating(4- 7) or reverse(4- 7) dictionary, but can yield partial matches in English, and search a word and phrase(4- 7) dictionary for entries that may not be in an earlier or smaller translating or reverse dictionary.

External Dictionary

  1. The External Dictionary command invokes a separate external dictionary(4- 8) program that you write yourself or obtain from a third party vendor. You can use this to interface to CD ROM encyclopedias, databases, etc. Call Apropos Customer Service(F- - 1) for specifications.

Reference Dictionary

The Reference Dictionary command loads an accessory hypertext(D- - 4) reference dictionary(4- 8) into a word processing window.

This is typically used for an optional radical and stroke(4- 8) dictionary for quick lookups of Chinese characters in printed material. Use the Translate Select Dictionaries(3- 33) command to install a radical and stroke dictionary as the reference dictionary.

Auto Input Method

The Chinese Character Input Method dialog selects the Chinese character input method. Two internal methods are supplied: On Request and Incremental Match. Additional external methods can be installed and used. The Auto Input Method menu item check mark indicates that an input method other than On Request is active.
  1. Front End Processors
  1. On Request is an internal method which uses the Translate commands to look up syllables, words, and phrases. On Request is best for users who would benefit from language assistance. On Request can be used in conjunction with any other input method, and, other than selecting dictionaries, there are no preferences to set. See the Select Dictionaries(3- 33) command.
  2. Incremental Match is an internal method with various different modalities and preferences to accelerate Chinese character text entry by sacrificing language assistance. See the Incremental Match Setup(3- 32) dialog.
  1. Setup invokes a setup dialog for the selected input method. There is no setup for the On Request method, other than adjusting the position and size of the List(4- 4) window when you first start.
  2. New installs a new front end processor.

Incremental Match Setup

The Incremental Match Setup dialog sets preferences for the internal Incremental Match Chinese character input method.
  1. Begin Conversion On selects the keys that will begin a Chinese character conversion. Select any of the following: Space Bar, F2 Key, and New Line.
  1. Delay, ms selects the amount of time in one thousandths of a second that Smart Characters will wait for a key press before listing the current matching entries. 500 milliseconds is equal to one half second.
  2. Cancel Conversion On selects the keys to press to cancel conversion: Space, Ctrl+Space, Escape, and Tab.
  3. Word Display Style
  1. Vertical List displays matching Chinese characters in the vertical list(4- 4) window. You can suppress annotations to make for a smaller and faster list by activating the list window and turning selecting View | Annotations off.
  2. Horizontal Bar displays matching Chinese characters without annotations in a floating horizontal window. The contents match that of the list window.
  3. No List (in place) does not display a list.
  1. Substitute substitutes the current selection in place of the just-typed pronunciation. To change a substitution, press the arrow keys.
  2. Exact Match Only inhibits "super-matches" and requires that you type the entire pronunciation rather just than the first few letters of a word for the word to match. This makes for a much smaller selection list, especially for short pronunciations.
  3. Accept Conversion On selects the keys to press to accept a selection: Space, Alt+Space, Enter, and Alt+Enter.

Select Dictionaries

The Select Dictionaries dialog opens dictionary sets (a collection of dictionaries) specified for a particular language or language mode. These include Japanese and Chinese (Chinese with bopomofo or pinyin input) plus other optional sets supporting additional languages. This dialog has no effect on text already in the document, or your ability to enter alphabetic characters in any language from the keyboard.
  1. Dictionary Language selects the dictionary language set(4- 7) from the installed language modes, typically Japanese or Chinese. Selecting this option updates the dictionary type controls. Each dictionary type contains a list of dictionaries of that language mode and type. The active dictionary of each type is displayed in the corresponding control.
  2. To activate another dictionary, select it from the control of the same type. If the dictionary does not appear on the list, type its name into the control. If you cannot remember its exact name, type a wild card (asterisk), and use the Open File(3- 1) dialog to browse and locate the correct dictionary.
  3. Auto Convert selects an optional dictionary used by an installable front end processor.
  4. Syllable selects the pronunciation syllable(4- 7) dictionary invoked by Lookup Syllable, Lookup Similar Syllable, and Search Dictionaries(3- 32) commands when the object to the left of the cursor in the hidden characters(5- 4) window is a pronunciation.
  5. Word selects the word and phrase(4- 7) pronunciation dictionary invoked by Lookup Word and Phrase, and Search Dictionaries commands.
  6. User selects the user(4- 7) dictionary invoked by Lookup Word and Phrase, and Search Dictionaries commands.
  7. Radical selects an optional radical(4- 7) dictionary for Chinese text entry when the object to the left of the cursor in the hidden characters window is a radical combination code.
  8. Stroke selects an optional stroke(4- 7) dictionary for Chinese text entry when the object to the left of the cursor in the hidden characters window is a stroke combination code.
  9. Translating selects an optional English (or other language) translating dictionary(4- 7) invoked by Lookup Word and Phrase when the object to the left of the cursor in the hidden characters window is a Notes gloss(D- - 4).
  10. Reverse selects a reverse dictionary(4- 7) (Chinese characters to ...) invoked by Lookup Word and Phrase when the object to the left of the cursor in the hidden characters window is a Chinese character (Chars or bChars).
  11. Reference selects any hypertext(D- - 4) document to be invoked by the Reference Dictionary command, typically a radical and stroke(4- 8) dictionary, or grammar reference(4- 8).
See the example in Reopen Japanese Dictionaries(2J- 33).

Adopt Notes

The Adopt Notes Preference dialog controls how notes are copied into the current document from word and phrase(4- 7), radical(4- 7), and translating(4- 7) dictionary searches. Notes are always automatically copied into the internal clipboard(4- 3) window from the Search Dictionaries(3- 32) command. Two sets of preferences correspond to whether annotations are displayed or hidden.
  1. Annotations Displayed
  1. Never discards notes. For the sake of future readers, do not select this option.
  2. Ask selects glosses(D- - 4) to copy by invoking the Choose Closest Meaning(3- 34) dialog.
  3. All selects all the glosses in the entry. This makes for a potentially lengthy and confusing display.
  4. First selects the first glosses in the entry.
  5. Frequency selects the gloss with the highest frequency of use. To use this, you need to install dictionaries with frequency information.
  1. Annotations Hidden selects how notes are adopted when note annotations are hidden.

Choose Closest Meaning

The Choose Closest Meaning dialog selects a gloss(D- - 4) from a dictionary selection to paste into the current document. Select the best gloss, edit it in the edit control, or type a new gloss.

Add Selection to User Dictionary

The Add Selection to User Dictionary adds the selected text to the active user dictionary(4- 7), invoking the Verify Dictionary or Glossary Entry(3- 29) dialog.

Compile Hypertext

The Compile Hypertext command compiles a Smart Characters hypertext(D- - 4) file selected in the Open File(3- 1) dialog. Hypertext files include most Smart Characters dictionaries, and hypertext documents such as non-English Smart Characters help files, which do not use the Windows help system. See Compiling Hypertext(12- 2).

Add Annotations

The Annotate command launches the optional ScAnnotate Automatic Annotator(11- 2) to add variable word spacing(4- 14), pronunciations, and glosses to native format text from scanners or native word processors.

Translate Window

The Translate command invokes an add-on external translating program as specified in the Scw.ini [Translate Add-On] section.

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Last Modified: March 23, 1996

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